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Fungicides (from Latin fungus is a mushroom and caedo - to kill) are chemicals used for fighting against fungal diseases of plants and also for seed treatment in order to clear them from spores of parasitic fungi (e.g. smut for crop seeds).

Many fungicides are quite toxic therefore their usage at home should be reasonable. Please, study safety requirements for work with toxicants before using fungicides.

Protective fungicides are used for the treatment of healthy plants in order to prevent the plant from getting a disease.

Curative (eradicating) fungicides are chemicals that are used for treating plants after some signs of disease appear. The active substance of the curative fungicide suppresses development of pathogenic microorganisms causing diseases and it leads to plant recovery.

Systemic fungicides are modern chemicals that can move through the vascular system of the plants and protect the new growth that appears after treatment. Usually systemic fungicides have a curative effect but they also can be used with preventing purpose. They are quickly absorbed by the plant and, therefore, their efficiency depends on precipitation quite slightly.

Contact fungicides protect only those parts of the plants to which they are applied to, they depend on precipitation at a great extent and have only a protective effect.

Protectants of planting stock are chemicals with the help of which preplant treatment (wetting) of seeds is carried out in order to protect future sprouts from diseases and pests, as well as to treat bulbs, corms, tubers and rhizomes of plants before planting. There are chemicals of narrow spectrum of activity: used for prevention of possible diseases or against pests. However nowadays chemicals of complex activity are used more frequently.