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Seed protectants are substances used for treatment of seeds, tubers, bulbs and other seed grains or planting stock. Protectants are applied for the destruction of fungal and bacterial infection on the surface and inside seeds as well as for protection of sprouts from pests.

Many protectants are quite toxic therefore their usage at home should be reasonable. Please, study safety requirements for work with toxicants before using protectants.

According to the purpose there are single-purpose and combined seed protectants.

Single-purpose seed protectants only protect plants from diseases.

Combined seed protectants not only protect plants from diseases but also protect seeds and sprouts from soil microflora and insects inhabiting soil; protect seed tubers and root crops from diseases during storage, protect seeds from birds; improve plant development and increase its resistance to adverse weather conditions and sometimes to herbicide effects.

The main ingredient of most seed protectants is fungicide, often other pesticides are included in the seed protectants composition, sometimes trace elements and biofertilizers are added.

Seed protectants are used in the form of water-soluble substances or more often in the form of wettable powders, suspension concentrates, emulsifiable concentrates and dusts, often with addition of adhesives. Sometimes a small amount of mineral oil or glycerine is added to the powdered seed protectants for dedusting; in toxic seed protectants dye is added for the signal painting of the treated grain.

Seed treatment is one of the most convenient, economical and effective forms of the pesticide use at the lowest environmental pollution. Consumption rates of seed protectants usually amount to 0.02-6 kg per tonne of seeds; seed treatment is mainly carried out in special machines for treatment in accordance with the rules of human safety and environmental protection.